Chinese artificial sun hits new mark in fusion energy mission

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Chinese artificial sun hits new mark in fusion energy mission

China has reached another milestone in its quest for a fusion reactor, with one of its artificial sun sustaining extreme temperatures for several times longer than its previous benchmark, according to media.

State news agency Xinhua reported that the Experimental Advanced Superconducting Tokamak (EAST) in a facility in the eastern city of Hefei registered a plasma temperature of 120 million degrees Celsius for 101 seconds on Friday.

It also maintained a temperature of 160 million degrees Celsius for 20 seconds.
Last year, EAST achieved a plasma temperature of 100 million degrees Celsius for 20 seconds.

Friday’s experiment means Chinese scientists have sustained the extremely high temperature for five times longer.

China’s other artificial sun project in Chengdu, the HL-2M Tokamak apparatus, operated at 150 million degrees Celsius for up to 10 seconds in an experiment late last year.

The facilities are part of China’s quest for fusion reactors, which hold out hope of unlimited clean energy. But there are many challenges to overcome in what has already been a decades-long quest for the world’s scientists.

Similar endeavors are underway in the Europe, United States, South Korea, and Russia. China is also among 35 countries involved in the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor megaproject in France.

Direct comparison of the experiments in different countries is difficult as the devices are designed differently.

The facilities are called artificial sun because they aim to replicate the nuclear fusion reactions that power the sun, which has a temperature of 15 million degrees Celsius.

When two atoms fuse, they release an enormous amount of energy. To do so on Earth, scientists will need to achieve both extreme high temperatures for long periods.

Despite the progress made, fusion reactors are still a long way from reality.
Song Yuntao, director of the Institute of Plasma Physics of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, said the latest results were a major achievement for physics and engineering in China.

The experiment’s success lays the foundation for China to build its own nuclear fusion energy station, Song was quoted as saying.

China joined the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor project in 2003 and it was reported at the time as an opportunity for the country’s scientists to expand their expertise and give China a voice in the international scientific community.

The project in southern France has been delayed many times and the latest goal is to generate plasma in 2025.

The European Union pledged US$6.8 billion in new funding in February. China National Nuclear Corporation will install ITER’s core equipment.

Chinese scientists have previously been quoted as saying that they hoped China’s own experiments, though smaller, could help provide more information to International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor, Source.

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